There is loads of information available on dog breeds and long listings of names and details. When I think of kinds of dogs it is more of grouping of dogs rather than just purebred names. While researching the different organizations around the world that bring dog breeders and owners together I see that the groupings of dogs for each organization are different.
The one group we hear most about is the AKC or American Kennel Club that seems to be the definitive group here in the United States. The American Kennel Club has been around since 1884 formed by sporting enthusiasts. It is an organization formed to bring some standardization to breeding and showing of purebred dogs here in the United States as at the time there were groups all over the country forming and showing purebred dogs.
- Sporting – dogs bred to be the partner of hunters both land and water
- Hound – dogs bred to hunt with scent or sight
- Working – dogs bred to protect property, pull carts as well as search and rescue
- Terrier – dogs bred to hunt vermin
- Toy – dogs bred to be companions
- Non-Sporting – dogs that do not fit into other categories
- Herding – dogs bred for herding other animals and to assist shepherds
- Miscellaneous Class – transitional class for dog breeds in process of getting fully recognized by the AKC
The United Kennel Club is another well known organization here in the United States and has slightly different group classifications for breeds of dogs.
- Companion Dog – dogs bred for companionship, other than Dalmatian and English bulldog all of this group are small breeds
- Guardian Dog – This group is divided into two smaller groups. Flock Guards and Mastiffs
- Gun Dog – all dogs bred to hunt
- Herding Dog – dogs bred to herd livestock
- Northern Breed – dogs bred by the Arctic people
- Scenthound – divided into two groups. Tree hounds and Trailing hounds.
- Sighthound and Pariah – Sighthounds were bred to hunt in desert areas. Pariah are oldest breeds known.
- Terrier – dogs bred to control vermin
Here are some other World dog organizations and their kinds of dogs.
Canadian Kennel Club
- Group 1, Sporting Dogs
- Group 2, Hounds
- Group 3, Working Dogs
- Group 4, Terriers
- Group 5, Toys
- Group 6, Non-Sporting
- Group 7, Herding
Fédération Cynologique Internationale (Europe)
International groupings are as follows:
- Sheepdogs and cattle dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
- Pinscher and Schnauzer – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs
- Spitz and Primitive types
- Scenthounds and Related Breeds
- Pointing Dogs
- Retrievers – Flushing Dogs – Water Dogs
- Companion and Toy Dogs
Australian Kennel Council
- Group 1 (Toys)
- Group 2 (Terriers)
- Group 3 (Gundogs)
- Group 4 (Hounds)
- Group 5 (Working Dogs)
- Group 6 (Utility)
- Group 7 (Non Sporting)
Since the kinds of dogs are different the world over there are different classifications on how these dogs are grouped for show and breeding. These are the most prominent clubs and organizations but there are many others all over the world.