The American Eskimo Dog is a member of the Spitz family of dogs. It is a modern breeding of this ancient type of dog that is indigenous to the Arctic and the regions around the arctic.
The Eskimo dog comes in three varietals: toy, miniature and standard. The Eskie looks similar to wolves and thrive in colder weather preferring temperatures in the negatives. The head is wedge shaped with triangular ears that stand up. Mostly white in color there can be some variations with markings. The tail is furred heavily and curls over the body. The breed standard size is not under nine and not over nineteen inches.
The Eskie was breed from the German Spitz brought over by German immigrants. During World War I the dog in the US was referred to as the American Spitz in a show of patriotism. After WWI the breed was used for circus acts with one famous dog being a tightrope walker for Barnum Bailey and Ringling Brothers circus.
The breed as the American Eskimo Dog was first recognized by the American United Kennel Club around 1919. The breed finally earned recognition in the American Kennel Club in 1995 as a registered breed.
The American Eskimo Dog has a double coat and will shed twice a year as most double coated dogs do unless constantly in warm weather when they may shed all year long. Brushing at least once a week is required to keep them groomed properly. The undercoat should be raked out as needed to avoid the hair all over the house.
Eskie’s are loyal pets to their families but can be susceptible to fear biting if they do not know someone. For this reason they are not recommended for families with young children. Bred for guard dog they can be good watchdogs and a bit territorial. They are intelligent and in general very friendly. They need daily exercise and bond well with their families.
The breed can be prone to some genetic related health problems such as Progressive Retinal Atrophy or Hip Dysplasia. Although in general the breed is in good all round health.